Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
placeKivu, DR Congo


  • fast-growing cooperative of 12,000 small-scale coffee farmers
  • invests in quality and women's liberation
  • commits to agro-ecology as well as specialty coffee
  • sells organic arabica coffee to Oxfam
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo

Perfect soil for top-tier coffee

For decades, armed groups have been fighting over the minerals and raw materials in the Kivu region of Congo, near the border with Rwanda. Cooperatives such as Oxfam partners Sopacdi, Muungano and Rebuild Women’s Hope work tirelessly to put their region on the map for the right reasons.

They are seeing to it that the residents of Kivu can earn their daily bread with the bounty of the region’s rich soil, namely arabica coffee of world-renowned quality. The volcanic soil, climate and altitude here, just off of Lake Kivu, are excellently suited to its cultivation. And the taste of these coffees is unmistakably fruity with a pronounced acidity.

Development cultivated by fair trade

More and more coffee farmers sign up with the Sopacdi cooperative each year. They started in 2003 with just a few hundred members. Now they’re up to over 12,000. In 2019 Sopacdi began to export coffee for the first time via Oxfam Fair Trade. Now its selling 15 to 20 containers a year. In this way the coffee trade is gradually bringing about development in Kivu. All thanks to their organisation and their social projects.

“Before 2010 our situation was completely different”, recalls Joachim Munganga, chairman of Sopacdi. “The difficult situation in Kivu meant we could only sell our coffee if we first smuggled it into Rwanda. Farmers received a poor price for it and had to cross Lake Kivu in rickety little boats … People lost their lives every week doing this and one family after another stopped growing coffee. But there was nothing to replace that income. So, as a cooperative, we began to explore the possibilities for exporting the coffee directly.”

Fair-trade coffee is lifeblood here in Kivu. Thanks to this coffee the farmers can earn more, we can set up health centres and build schools in the most disadvantaged villages.

Joachim Munganga, chairman of Sopacdi

Investing in quality

Simply having the ideal growing conditions is not enough to produce quality coffee. Sopacdi understands this better than anyone. Since its founding it has done everything it can to ensure the processing of the coffee beans can also proceed under ideal circumstances.

  • Since 2010 Sopacdi has constructed three washing stations for coffee beans. The cooperative has also built its own office and a large storage depot.
  • They purchase additional drying tables as often as they can. The more drying tables the cooperative has, the more coffee they can dry in the sun and the higher the quality of that coffee.
  • The cooperative has its own quality control lab with a well-trained coffee taster. This allows Sopacdi to closely monitor and adjust the quality of its end product.
  • Sopacdi organises training courses for the farmers. This ensures that the quality of the coffee can continue to improve and production can become more environmentally friendly (utilising strategies such as soil conservation, composting, shade trees, etc).

Emancipation through fair-trade cultivation

Sopacdi is making a significant social impact, too. A key aspect of this is the growing gender equality within the cooperative. Although women are indispensable to the success of the coffee harvest, in previous years their voice was not heard. Sopacdi changed this.

“Through training courses, Sopacdi convinced the male members of the cooperative that everyone stands to benefit from women having their say. For the many widows in our cooperative in particular (many men died smuggling coffee over Lake Kivu, Ed.), this is of inestimable value”, comments Eveline Mangwere, chairwoman of Sopacdi’s women’s committee.

Sopacdi & Oxfam

  • Oxfam Fair Trade has been buying arabica coffee from Sopacdi since 2010. We and the English fair trade organisation Twin (which has since become part of Sustainable Harvest) were the cooperative’s very first clients.
  • In the same period we helped to establish a relationship between Sopacdi and the Belgian Development Agency. “With these subsidies we launched a project that brought about a swell in production”, says Joachim Munganga of Sopacdi.
  • Oxfam Fair Trade continues to guide Sopacdi in its quest to increase its revenues from the international market. Such as by inviting a representative to join us to Biofach, the most important international trade fair for organic food. Here Sopacdi was able to make contact with new clients.